Many individuals today are suffering from anxiety. Some can explain this dark disorder as constant worry that you have no control over to the point that it becomes overwhelming. When you think about your friends or loved ones who are going through this challenging time, it is essential to understand the science behind it. Neurosciences Medical Clinic is experts on neuroanatomy and anxiety treatment.
The Science Behind Anxiety
When you look at the brain, there are various personality traits and emotional responses that result from interactions between our genetic coding and the influences around us. This includes the environment. Our genes are receptive to some specific stimuli, and it plays a role in developing a relationship with other stimuli. Think of your brain as a plastic organ. Because of this, the role of environmental factors in its development and casting can’t be negated.
Think of fear and stress. These are normal defensive reactions to threats that will aid our body to deal with challenges more efficiently. Anxiety is different from fear, however. This is because anxiety is an emotional and somatic reaction to a future threat that may or may not be realistic. Having anxiety is a normal human reaction, to an extent. But if this continues for a long period of time, it can have adverse effection on your health and daily life.
When an individual is constantly in the state of anxiety, they are worried about the future at all times. It makes it difficult to concentrate and this will lead to irritability. Symptoms include palpation, swearing, and gastrointestinal changes. This is considered a disorder if these symptoms persist over six months or more. We have all the information when it comes to anxiety treatment.
Neuroanatomy In Anxiety
The higher cognitive centers are located in the prefrontal cortex of our brain. This is where your thinking, planning, and social behavior is controlled. Think of this as the newer part to the brain that aids with keeping emotional responses in check. Most emotion processing takes place in the older parts of the cortex. These structures are called the limbic system.
One of the critical structures of the limbic system is the hippocampus. This plays a vital role in the stress response. Both the hippocampal growth and neurogenesis play an important role in the resiliency toward stress and anxiety.
Another essential part of the limbic system is the amygdala. This plays a central role in the regulation of emotions. This is where fear and anxiety-related memories are stored. Ty[ically it is hyperactive in anxiety disorders.
Besides the anatomical changes, it is also important to understand brain functionality and communication between the various brain centers and networks. When we look at the case of emotional responses, gamma-aminobutyric acid is known to have an effect on emotions, while glutamate has an excitatory effect. The roles of serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine are also well documented in the pathogenesis of various emotional states.
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Do you wish to have more information when it comes to neuroanatomy in regards to anxiety? We are here to provide you with more details. You can trust the experts at Neurosciences Medical Clinic when it comes to anxiety treatment. Call or visit us today!